What is the rationale for the study?
• The rationale for this study is to describe each child’s individual experiences and development within early education, childcare centres, classrooms, and examine school readiness for global ratings.
What did the study investigate or measure (main variables)?
• The study that was conducted measured and investigated the relationship between each child’s individual experiences within early education in childcare centres to see if it affects school readiness.
What measurement tools did they use (instruments, methodology)? Pg. 7
• Within the study, the measurement tool that was used to measure quality was the Early Childhood Environment rating Scale-‐ Revised (ECERS-‐R) by Thelma Harms, Richard M. Clifford, and Debby Cryer.
- It consisted of 43 items organized into the following seven subscales: Space and Furnishings, Personal Care Routines, Language-‐Reasoning, Activities, Interaction, Program Structure, and Parents and Staff.
Who is the population? Sample? Participants? Pg. 7
• The study had a total of 138 children, 83 from rural site and 55 from the urban site.
What is the context of this study? How well does it describe it?
• The context of the study was done by breaking it into different areas so that they can tackle each problem/situation, one by one: (1) Identify the Research Problem, (2) Review the Literature, (3) Specify a purpose for the research, (4) Formulate an Explanation, (5) Collecting Data, (6) Analyzing and Interpreting the Data, (7) Reporting and Evaluating Research
What are the main findings in this study?
- One of the main findings in this study was that children who came from lower income families had lower quality individual experience than other children.
- Although teachers are qualified to teach, they need to have ECE backgroundbecause it affects global quality.
What does the study say about the impact of attending ECEC?
• Study stated that a child’s individual experience is influenced by social development and personal characteristics.
What does the study say about “individual children’s experiences”?
• The study states that a child’s individual experiences affect the way the child develops their relationships amongst other children, caregivers, and educators.
What does the study say about group experiences?
• It was found that smaller group sizes are beneficial however other research conducted said that’s no significant difference amongst the size of the groups.
What does the study say about children from low SES or disadvantaged background?
What does the study say about school readiness?
• School readiness all depends on how each child’s experience and interactions with students, caregivers, and educators are developing.
How “valid” “reliable” is this study?
• I don’t believe the study is very valid or reliable because each country, province, and centre are uniquely different, thus not allowing the study that was conducted to be 100% accurate in its findings.
What are some of your critiques?
- Some of my critiques are that each childcare centre is a lot different in the way they’re structured and carried out in their day-‐to-‐day routines.
- What a child experiences in one childcare centre will be different than a child attending a different childcare centre.